This list of minimal shoes below is in no way comprehensive, but a great starting point generated over years by our strong-feet fans and readers. You'll find adult and children's footwear brands listed below and if you're looking specifically for winter or summer you can find quick lists for boots and sandals lists below the main list. Note: none of these are paid endorsements. We have included shoes that we ourselves wear and that have been recommended by our fans.
Why Minimal Footwear?
For all the science on feet and movement, I'll refer you to Simple Steps to Foot Pain Relief: The New Science of Healthy Feet and Whole Body Barefoot. What I will say here is that "healthy footwear” is only half of the equation. The other half is movements that help you undo your adaptations to a lifetime of wearing stiff and heeled shoes, lots of sitting, and not very much walking. There you’ll also learn that footwear changes, for many people, need to be gradual.
For example, after years of wearing comfortable slide on shoes (shoes that require toe-gripping to stay on), switching to footwear that’s fully connected and an inch closer to the ground uses your body in a different way. If you're doing 10,000 steps a day, that's 10,000 tiny new exercises a day—of a lot of different parts.
The geometry of every shoe has a unique and profound affect on every joint in the body, as incredible as that seems. When you change shoes, it’s all about physiological adaptation. Like any new exercise program, proceed with awareness—and lots of work on your end, of course.
Below is a table (from Simple Steps) that shows the variables of a shoe that affect the movement of the body. You can see that there are many ways to progress to the “best” column.
There’s no need to transition all five variables at once, especially if you’ve been living in the right-hand column for the last 20, 30, or 40 years—but you do need to be doing exercises to slowly wake up smaller muscles that have been sedentary for a long time. Only changing your footwear can cause an overload to underused tissues and this is about feeling good using your body, remember?
Minimal Footwear Brands
Below are minimal footwear brands—brands that define themselves as minimal footwear companies. Their entire line meets the guidelines in my books. There are also companies that have styles that are more minimal or have elements of a minimal shoe. You'll find that list below this one. I've also added an asterisk* next to the brands/styles that are more work-friendly (although entirely subjective based on where you work) for those that ask "what about shoes for the office".
Baer*: professional, casual, active
Be Lenka: sustainable, casual, sporty, active
Caret*: professional, office/dress wear
Drift Leather Shoes and Boots*: customizable, workfriendly
Davinci Footwear*: sleek, stylish, professional
Duchess and Fox: Leather Mary Janes, handmade
Earth Runners: sandals, sporty, running, casual, athletic, everyday
FeelGrounds: casual, sporty
Feelmax: casual, sporty, active
Fit Kiks: pull-ons, active
Freet: sporty, casual
Gea Soles: handcrafted, healthy leather
Groundies*: fancy, stylish
Jenon Leather: stylish, casual
Joe Nimble: active, casual
Leguano: active, casual
Lems: casual, sporty, active
Lisbethjoe: stylish women's
Luks: handcrafted, leather materials
Luna Sandals: sandals, sporty, running, casual, athletic, everyday
Magical Shoes: everyday, athletic, vegan options
Muki: sleek, stylish
NativeEarth: Leather, handmade
NaturAthletics: Soccer cleats
Nonsid.ee: stylish, casual
PaperKrane: Sporty, casual, playful
Peluva: Toeshoes, sporty, casual
Pokeboo: lightweight, packable rainboots
Shapen: cute, women's and children's
Sockwa: pull-ons, sporty, casual, athletic, running, everyday
Softstar Shoes: casual, dressy, running, everyday--check out their flats and sandals and Oxford dress shoes* for the office
Solerunner: casual, dressy, active
SOM Footwear: Made-in-the-USA versatile sneakers
Tadeevo: athletic, casual, everyday
TaraSoles: Hand-made sandals
Tieks*: flats, casual, dressy, everyday
Unshoes: sandals, sporty, running, casual, athletic, everyday
Vibram FiveFingers: running, casual, athletic, everyday
Vivobarefoot: various styles, sporty, athletic, casual, everyday (You can find "revived" Vivo Barefoot shoes too—professionally reconditioned—at revivo.com)
Water shoes: (not a brand, but a style of shoe. Search "water shoes" and see what comes up)
Wildling: casual, everyday, fun, stylish
XeroShoes: various styles, casual, sandals, athletic, everyday, cold weather boots
Zaqq*: handmade, sustainable practices
There are also many brands that carry "barefoot lines" or single styles that have the minimal features I’m looking for (see my list of features above). Find those below... and note, you'll have to take responsibility for sorting out just how minimal these are:
Camper: Women Peu line
Fit In Clouds: foldable flats, casual, dressy
Keds: Scout Collection
Merrell Barefoot Shoes: fun, athletic, sport, casual
Moccasins: find casual, everyday styles at Minnetonka and Manitobah
New Balance, Minimus: fun, athletic, sport, casual
Sanuk: casual, slip on, sandal, vacation style. Look for their fully connected options.
Skora Running: running, casual, athletic
Sorel: Women’s Out ’N About™ Plus Boot
Toms: flat, casual, stylish
The Kids List
Something specific for just the littles, but again, I'll also throw out there that I've found a ton of off/no-brand leather or soft-material shoes at kid-consignment shops over the last year. And, that for the first year all I used was a double pair of socks on my little (when it's cold - still meet all the "healthy shoe" criteria!). So don't feel that you need to get a shoe on right away or anything. Also, keep in mind that if your kid fits into a women's size 5 or above, you can order from the adult shoe-brands listed above! You can also find additional information about footwear and children's feet here.
Earthrunner Minimal Sandals for Kids
Froddo (Choose the barefoot option)
Happy Little Soles
Little Love Bug
Livie and Luca
NaturAthletics: Soccer cleats
Vivobarefoot (You can find "revived" Vivo Barefoot shoes too—professionally reconditioned—at revivo.com)
There are also some people selling handmade shoes on Etsy. Go there and search "minimal and/or handmade shoes," or add "kids" if you need something for wee feet! Read more about how to size and shop for kids' shoes here! and check out my book Grow Wild for more on how to assess a child's entire outfit to see if it's helping or hindering their movement.
The DIY List
The upside of minimal shoes is that you can totally make them for your entire family if you're so inclined, which means that this transition can be less expensive and better for the environment, especially if you use natural fibers/materials.
Winter Boots List
Here are some of the warm winter boots we see recommended most often:
Softstar Shoes Phoenix Boots: These are comfortable and the sheepskin lining makes them very warm. They come in kid and adult sizes.
Manitobah Mukluks: Now with waterproof versions, these have kid and adult sizes. These boots are heavily recommended by our friends dealing with -40 weather.
Minnetonkas: Not waterproof, but they dry out well by the fire and with wool socks I can wear them comfortably in PNW snow (i.e. not bitter cold).
Steger Mukluks: No-heel, cold weather mukluks
Columbia: Minx Shorty III (replace insole with something thinner)
Freet: Mudee -waterproof
Comwarm: Women's Tall Rain Boots Flat Heel
Leguano: Husky Boot – unisex, winterproof, and water repellent
Magical Shoes: Winter Barefoot Boots Alaskan 2.0
NRS Boundary Boots: I was able to get these small enough to fit my big-footed 9-year old
Xero Boots: A women's size 5 and 7 fit my eight and nine year old!
I love huaraches style sandals, like from these fine companies:
Unshoes (I’m on my fourth pair; their Keota model works best for my foot)
Deliberate Life Designs
For dressier sandals:
SoftStar Shoes Solstice Sandal
Weddings or other Dress Up/Formal Occasions
Here is an excellent roundup of women’s shoes that work great for formal occasions. And my thoughts on minimal wedding footwear and clothing to match below. (We're all decked out in our Softstar "fanciest" for this particular wedding, and apologies to our UK readers—a certain particular hand gesture has a different meaning in the U.S.! #kids)
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So… #minimalfootwear and formal occasions. This is often an issue people will ask me about: "What do you wear to weddings?" We all just happen to be in @softstarshoes here (NOT a supported/ad post, they just work well for our family) and I think we look fine and we were also able to walk over grass comfortably for the couple hours, i.e. no sinking into the earth. BUT, the thing is clothes are often cut based on the assumption you'll be wearing heeled shoes, so if you're wearing flat shoes, you might want to wear flat shoes when you're trying stuff on or find a person with sewing skills in your family/friend network to hem things up a bit (THANK YOU MOM) and work with what's already in the closet. #movementmatters #alignmentmatters #simplestepstofootpainrelief #wholebodybarefoot #MoveYourDNA #wedding #mifamilia #family #cousins #Scotland #kilts #farquharson #missyoudad #represent
More Online Information on Selecting Minimal Footwear
There is a wonderful website, ANYA'S REVIEWS that provides in-depth articles on the fit of many different minimal footwear styles as well as how to find them! Start with this article of hers: The Best Barefoot Shoes & Brands For Your Feet.